“Air Attack Over Hawaii” Japanese Newsreel of Dec. 7, 1941
Footage and English commentary of Japanese newsreel on the Air attack on Pearl Harbor. These newsreels were a form of short documentary film prevalent in the first half of the twentieth century and often used by military to explain to the people the military results of the operations.
The images and footage corresponds to the combined fleet during training and active missions related to the Pearl Harbor attack operation on 7th December 1941.
In the images, carriers such as Akagi and Kaga can bee seen with fighters A6M2 Zero taking off from the deck.
The Japanese attack had several major aims. First, it intended to destroy important American fleet units, thereby preventing the Pacific Fleet from interfering with Japanese conquest of the Dutch East Indies and Malaya and to enable Japan to conquer Southeast Asia without interference. Second, it was hoped to buy time for Japan to consolidate its position and increase its naval strength before shipbuilding authorized by the 1940 Vinson-Walsh Acterased any chance of victory. Third, to deliver a blow to America’s ability to mobilize its forces in the Pacific, battleships were chosen as the main targets, since they were the prestige ships of any navy at the time. Finally, it was hoped that the attack would undermine American morale such that the U.S. government would drop its demands contrary to Japanese interests, and would seek a compromise peace with Japan.
Striking the Pacific Fleet at anchor in Pearl Harbor carried two distinct disadvantages: the targeted ships would be in very shallow water, so it would be relatively easy to salvage and possibly repair them; and most of the crews would survive the attack, since many would be on shore leave or would be rescued from the harbor. A further important disadvantage—this of timing, and known to the Japanese—was the absence from Pearl Harbor of all three of the U.S. Pacific Fleet’s aircraft carriers (Enterprise, Lexington, and Saratoga). IJN top command was so imbued with Admiral Mahan’s “Decisive battle” doctrine—especially that of destroying the maximum number of battleships—that, despite these concerns, Yamamoto decided to press ahead.[page needed]
Japanese confidence in their ability to achieve a short, victorious war also meant other targets in the harbor, especially the navy yard, oil tank farms, and submarine base, were ignored, since—by their thinking—the war would be over before the influence of these facilities would be felt.
Recently, there are many model ships at 1/700 scale that can be constructed to reproduce not only the Japanese Combined Fleet but also the American fleet base din Pearl Harbor. In addition, to reproduce the buildings and infrastructure at 1/700, there are also many new items as follows:
USS Battleship Arizona BB-39(1:700 Scale)
1:700 Dockside Pearl Harbor Warehouse Model Kit
1:700 Warehouse Building Model Kit
1:700 Fuel Tank Depots