Australian Submarine Collins SSG 73


The Australian submarine HMAS Collins (SSG 73) was the first unit of the Collins-class operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Her name is associated to the Vice Admiral Sir John Augustine Collins, Collins was laid down in February 1990, and was the only submarine of the class to be partially constructed by Kockums’ Malmo shipyard. The boat was launched in August 1993. Because there were many problems during the sea trials period the Collins was not commissioned into the RAN until mid-1996, with a delay of eighteen months. It was not until 2000, when the submarine was finally allowed for operational missions.

Collins SSG-73 submarine badge

Collins SSG-73 submarine badge

  • Displacement:
    3,051 tonnes (surfaced)
    3,353 tonnes (submerged)
  • Length: 77.42 m (254.0 ft)
  • Beam: 7.8 m (26 ft)
  • Draught: 7 m (23 ft) at waterline
  • Installed power: 3 × Garden Island-Hedemora HV V18b/15Ub (VB210) 18-cylinder diesel motors, 3 × Jeumont-Schneider generators (1,400 kW, 440-volt DC)
  • Propulsion Main: 1 × Jeumont-Schneider DC motor (7,200 shp), driving 1 × seven-bladed, 4.22 m (13.8 ft) diameter skewback propeller
  • Emergency: 1 × MacTaggart Scott DM 43006 retractable hydraulic motor
  • Speed: 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) (surfaced and snorkel depth)
    21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph) (submerged)
  • Range: 11,000 nautical miles (20,000 km; 13,000 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) (surfaced)
    9,000 nautical miles (17,000 km; 10,000 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) (snorkel)
    32.6 nautical miles (60.4 km; 37.5 mi) at 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph) (submerged)
    480 nautical miles (890 km; 550 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) (submerged)
  • Endurance: 70 days
  • Test depth: Over 180 m (590 ft) (actual depth classified)
  • Complement: Originally 42 (plus up to 12 trainees)
    Increased to 58 in 2009
  • Radar:GEC-Marconi Type 1007 surface search radar
  • Sonar:
    Thales Scylla bow and distributed sonar arrays
    Thales Karriwarra or Namara towed sonar array
    ArgoPhoenix AR-740-US intercept array
  • Combat system:
    Modified Raytheon CCS Mk2
  • Armament:
    6 × 21-inch (530 mm) bow torpedo tubes
  • Payload: 22 torpedoes, mix of:
    Mark 48 Mod 7 CBASS torpedoes
    UGM-84C Sub-Harpoon anti-ship missiles
  • Or: 44 Stonefish Mark III mines

HMAS submarine SSg-73 Collins.

HMAS submarine SSg-73 Collins. Photo Source (Kockums AB)

Operational Missions:

  • In May 1997, two groups of six female sailors were posted to Collins and Farncomb as a test on the feasibility of mixed-sex crews aboard submarines.
  • In mid-2000, Collins was sent to Ketchikan, Alaska for noise testing with the United States Navy.
  • In August 2000, Collins became the first of her class to fire a Harpoon missile.
  • Collins completed a full-cycle docking at ASC on 29 July 2005. During this period she was modified to improve her ability to land special forces personnel.
  • In July 2009, while exercising in the Great Australian Bight, two of the three diesel generators aboard Collins failed, forcing the submarine to limp back to base. 
  • During the first part of 2012, Collins participated in numerous naval exercises, before commencing a full-cycle maintenance docking.[46]

The collins-class submarines are expected to have an operational life of around 30 years, with Collins to be decommissioned around 2025. Australian government is seeking for a replacement and the Japanese submarine Soryu, has many chances to be selected.

 


▽ Royal Australian Navy

 

HMAS_Stuart_FFH_153

Frigate Surface Force
The Australian Navy Frigate
Surface Force

 

HMAS Collins-class Rankin

Submarine Force
The Australian Navy
Submarine Force

 

HMAS_Canberra

Amphibious Force
The Australian Navy
Amphibious Force

 

HMAS_Perth

Patrol Force
The Australian Navy
Patrol Force

 

HMAS Ballarat

MineHunting Force
The Australian Navy
Mine Warfare Force

 

HMAS Stuart

Replenishment and Survey Force
The Australian Navy
Replenishment and Survey Force

 

HMAS_Warramunga_(FFH_152)

Training Ships and other Non-Commissioned Units
The Australian Navy Training Ships
and Other Non-Commissioned Units

▽Warships in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN)

 
Frigate surface Force (11): The principal striking force of the RAN comes from the eleven frigates of the surface force: eight of them belong to the Anzac class and the rest (three) are units from the Adelaide class.

 
Submarine Striking Force (6): The RAN operates six Collins-class submarines. Due to technical and manpower problems these submarines might be replaced in the future by Japanese Soryu-class submarines.

 
Amphibious Force (3): There are a huge variety of amphibious warfare units, which include two Canberra-class landing helicopter dock ships and the landing ship HMAS Choules.

 
Patrol Boat Force (13): There are thirteen Armidale-class patrol boats that perform coastal and economic exclusion zone patrols.

 
Mine Hunting and Warfare Force (4 + 2 in reserve):
There are four Huon-class vessels that are used for minehunting and clearance (another two are commissioned but in reserve since October 2011).

 
Replenishment Force (2 + 6 survey duties):
The task for replenishment at sea is provided by two ships, Sirius and Success. In addition, there are two Leeuwin-class and four Paluma-class vessels perform survey and charting duties.

 
Training Units (1 + 1 support vessel + 2 patrol boats):
The RAN operates the sail training ship Young Endeavour, the support vessel ADV Ocean Shield, and two Cape-class patrol boats. The latter ones are acquired thanks to the Australian Border Force.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Shares