Fuji class Battleships History and Model Kit


Fuji class Battleships History and Model Kit

 

Fuji Battleship in 1908

Fuji Battleship in 1908

 

The history of the HIJMS Fuji class battleships  of the Imperial Japanese Navy was very interesting. Because the Japanese did not have the technology to develop these ships, they were constructed in the United Kingdom. However, the know-how permeated the Japanese engineers, and quickly Japan was ready to develop and construct their of warships. Two battleships were constructed: Fuji and Yashima battleships.

Fuji Battleship

The Fuji Battleship was built at Thames Iron Works, Leamouth, London.She was laid down on 1st August 1894, launched on 31st March 1896, and complete 17th August 1897. The cost was more than 10 million yen. Interestingly, the Fuji Battleship had a long life and survived the World War Two. She was broken up in 1948.

 

Fuji battleship main turret 12inch guns

Fuji battleship main turret 12inch guns

Yashima Battleship

The Yashima Battleship had a different time line. She was built at the Armstrong Whitworth shipyard, located in Elswick, England. She was laid down on 6th December 1894, launched on 28th December 1896 and completed on 9th September 1897. The cost was almost identical of that of Fuji battleship. During the Russo-Japanese war she was foundered on 15th May 1904 after hitting a mine.

Fuji-class battleships military operations.

Both battleships actively joined military operations against Russian Navy during the the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905, including the Battle of Port Arthur in February 1904 and two bombardments of Port Arthur during the following month. The Yashima was lost during the was due to a mine. On the other hand, the Battleship Fuji fought in the Battles of the Yellow Sea and Tsushima and was lightly damaged in the latter action. After the war, she was declared obsolete and was reclassified as a coast defence ship in 1910 and served as a training ship for the rest of her active career. Later, the ship was hulked in 1922 and converted into a barracks ship fitted with classrooms.  During the Word War Two, her hulk continued to be used as a floating barracks and training centre at Yokosuka until 1945. Although she survived the WWII, the battleship Fuji was damaged by American carrier aircraft during their 18 July 1945 attack on Yokosuka[and capsized after the end of the war.  She was finally crapped in 1948

 

Technical specifications:

Type: Pre-dreadnought battleship
Displacement: 12,230–12,533 long tons (12,426–12,734 t)
Length: 412 ft (125.6 m)
Beam: 73.25–73.75 ft (22.3–22.5 m)
Draught: 26.25–26.5 ft (8.0–8.1 m)
Installed power:
  • 13,500 ihp (10,100 kW)
  • 10 cylindrical boilers
Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 vertical triple-expansion steam engines
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Range: 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement: 650
Armament:
  • 2 × twin 12 in (305 mm) guns
  • 10 × single 6 in (152 mm) QF guns
  • 14 × single 3-pounder guns
  • 10 × single 2.5-pounder Hotchkiss guns
  • 5 × 18-inch torpedo tubes
Armour:
  • Harvey armour
  • Belt: 14–18 in (356–457 mm)
  • Deck: 2.5 in (64 mm)
  • Barbettes: 5–14 in (127–356 mm)
  • Gun turrets: 6 in (152 mm)
  • Conning tower: 14 in (356 mm)
  • Bulkheads: 14–12 in (356–305 mm)

 

The Fuji-class has attracted attention from model kit manufacturers and the mold for the Fuji battleships has been developed and released at 1/700 scale as part of the waterline series collection of the Imperial Japanese Navy


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