Japanese Heavy Cruiser Kinugasa
The Imperial Japanese Navy Heavy Cruiser Kinugasa received her name in honor to the Mount Kinugasa, which is located in Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan. This ship had a sister called Aoba, and two more vessels were planned to be built, belonging to the Furutaka class. However, a series of design issues that led to modifications in twin turrets and aircraft catapult led to the a different class of cruisers called Aoba-class.
During pre-war it was assigned patrols in the China Coast between 1928-1930. After modernization she joined again active service in October 1940.
Pacific war is declared. She was assigned to the Crusier Division 6 and participated in the invasion of Guam and Wake Island.
During the Battle of Cora Sea, her task force was attacked by 46 SBDs, 21 TBDs and 15 Grumman F4F Wildcats from Yorktown and Lexington severely damaged the carrier Shōkaku. However, the cruiser escorts Furutaka and Kinugasa were undamaged in the battle, and managed to escorted Shōkaku back to Truk.
Battle of Savo Island. This battle was a major victory of Japanese Navy which sunk many American cruisers and destroyers. On the Japanese side, Chōkai was hit three times, Kinugasa twice (once in her No. 1 Engine Room by an 8-inch shell from Vincennes that did not explode but caused some damage, killed one man and wounded another, and one in a storeroom aft that was flooded by a 5-inch shell from Patterson), Aoba once, and Furutaka was not damaged.
During the Battle of cape Esperance, Kinugasa straddled Boise and Salt Lake City with 8-inch salvos, knocking out Boise‘s No. 1 and 2 turrets. However, Kinugasa also received four hits in the engagement. The following morning, Kinugasa was attacked but not damaged by five American planes, and then returned to Shortland.
As part of the Guadalcanal Campaign, on 14 October 1942, Kinugasa was designated flagship of Crusier division 6 and Kinugasa and Chōkai bombarded Henderson Field on Guadalcanal with a total of 752 8-inch shells.
Gudalcanal campaign needed a great effort to provide supplies for the Japanese troops and escort missions with cruisers were often assigned. From 24–26 October and 1–5 November, Kinugasa and Chōkai provided cover for replacement convoys of troops and equipment to bolster Japanese defenses at Guadalcanal. On 14 November, during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal,Kinugasa was attacked by Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo bombers and Douglas SBD Dauntlesses from USS Enterprise and USMC Avengers from Guadalcanal. At 09:36, a 500-pound bomb hit Kinugasa‘s 13.2 mm (0.5 in) machine gun mount in front of the bridge, starting a fire in the forward gasoline storage area. Captain Sawa and his Executive Officer were killed by the bomb, and Kinugasa gradually began to list to port. A second attack by 17 more Dauntlesses knocked out Kinugasa‘s engines and rudder and opened more compartments to the sea. At 11:22, she capsized and sank southwest of Rendova Island at Coordinates. 511 crewmen died that day.
Class & type: Aoba-class heavy cruiser
Displacement: 8,300 long tons (8,400 t) (standard); 9,000 long tons (9,100 t) (final)
Length: 185.17 m (607 ft 6 in)
15.83 m (51 ft 11 in) (initial)
17.56 m (57 ft 7 in) (final)
5.71 m (18 ft 9 in) (initial)
5.66 m (18 ft 7 in) (final)
Installed power: 102,000 shp (76,000 kW)
4 × Brown Curtis geared turbines
12 × Kampon boilers
4 × shafts
Speed: 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) – 33.43 kn (61.91 km/h; 38.47 mph)
As Built: 7,000 nmi (13,000 km; 8,100 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Final: 8,223 nmi (15,229 km; 9,463 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Complement: 643 (initial); 657 (final)
As Built: 6 × 7.9 in (200 mm)/50 cal guns (3×2)
4 × 4.7 in (120 mm)/45 cal guns (4×1)
12 × 24 in (610 mm) torpedo tubes (6×2)
Final: 6 × 7.9 in (200 mm)/50 cal guns (3×2)
4 × 4.7 in (120 mm)/45 cal guns (4×1)
8 × 24 in (610 mm) torpedo tubes (2×4)
50 × 25 mm (0.98 in) anti-aircraft guns
Belt: 76 mm (3.0 in) (belt)
Deck: 36 mm (1.4 in) (deck)
1 × floatplane (initial)
2 × floatplanes (final)
Aviation facilities: 1 × catapult