Heavy Cruiser Suzuya


Heavy Cruiser Suzuya Imperial Japanese Navy

Cruiser Suzuya in 1935 during sea trials.

Cruiser Suzuya in 1935 during sea trials.

 

Heavy Cruiser Suzuya Design

Heavy cruiser Suzuya was the third of four vessels in the Mogami class of heavy cruisers in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN Nihon Kaigun). She was named after the Suzuya river on Karafuto (Sakhalin). Suzuya was launched on 20 November 1934 at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal in a ceremony attended by Emperor Hirohito. She was completed in January 1936, but on completion was immediately placed in the reserves while waiting for dry dock space to permit reconstruction and modifications based on experience gained during trials of Mogami to strengthen her welds, and to add bulges to her hull to reduce weight.

Heavy Cruiser Suzuya: major operations

She participated in many operations and battles during the Pacific War, including Indian Ocean Raids, Battle of Midway, Operations in the Solomon Islands, Battle of the Philippine Sea, Battle of Leyte Gulf in which she was finally sunk. In late October 1944, the Japanese fleet assembled in Brunei in response to the threatened American invasion of the Philippines. On 25 October 1944, in the Battle off Samar, Suzuya engaged the three “Jeep carriers” in American Task Group 77.4, but was attacked by ten TBM Avenger torpedo-bombers. A near-miss destroyed her port propeller. At 1050, Suzuya was attacked by 30 other carrier aircraft. Another near-miss caused the Long Lance torpedoes in Suzuya‍ ’​s No. 1 torpedo tubes to explode, which in turn started other fires, damaged the starboard engine rooms and the No. 7 boiler room. Suzuya was abandoned at 1150, and at 1322 sank at 11°45.2′N 126°11.2′E. Destroyer Okinami took off Captain Teraoka and 401 crewmen. US warships later rescued more sailors.

Heavy cruiser Suzuya Technical Specifications

Class and type: Mogami-class cruiser
Displacement:
  • 8,500 tons (official, initial)
  • 13,670 tons (final)
Length: 200.6 metres (658 ft)
Beam: 20.2 metres (66 ft)
Draught: 5.9 metres (19 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 4-shaft geared turbines
  • 8 Kampon boilers
  • 154,000 shp (115,000 kW)
Speed:
  • 37-knot (69 km/h) (initial)
  • 35.5 knots (65.7 km/h) (final)
Range: 8,032 nmi (14,875 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Capacity: 2243 tons heavy oil
Complement: 850-950
Armament:
  • (initial)[2]
  • 15 × 15.5 cm/60 3rd Year Type naval gun(5×3)
  • 8 × 12.7 cm/40 Type 89 naval guns (4×2)
  • 4 × Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Guns
  • 2 × 13mm AA guns
  • 24 × Type 93 torpedoes
  • (final)[2]
  • 10 × 20 cm/50 3rd Year Type naval guns[3] (5×2)
  • 8 × 12.7 cm/40 Type 89 naval gun (4×2)
  • 50 × Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Gun guns
  • 2 × 13mm AA guns
  • 24 × Type 93 torpedoes
Armor:
  • 100-125 mm (belt)
  • 35-60 mm (deck)
  • 25 mm turret
Aircraft carried: 3 x floatplanes
Aviation facilities: 2 aircraft catapults

 


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