PACRIM Chosin Wargame (Korean War) Second Edition
- Game of the near-impossible retreat of US marines from Chosin Reservoir in horrific weather during the Korean War, Nov.1950
- Chinese rule the night even in the sub-zero cold, while US air & firepower rule the day
- Includes 1 map, 300 counters
Grand tactical gm of the Chinese assaults on the surprised Marines near Chosin Resevior, Nov’50. American firepower surpresses things during the day, but the Chinese rule the night. The US forces must retreat in good order during the day, establishing a solid defense before nightfall, day after day. 1 map, 300 counters. 440m/hex, 8hrs/impulse. Lengthy game. T.Carlson’04
As shown above elements of the 1st Marine Division move through communist Chinese lines during their successful breakout from the Chosin Reservoir in North Korea. The Marines were besieged when the Chinese entered the Korean War November 27, 1950, by sending 200,000 shock troops against Allied forces.
Background: On 27 November, the Chinese 9th Army launched a surprised attack against the US X Corps commanded by Major General Edward Almond at the Chosin Reservoir area. An epic and brutal battle in freezing weather soon followed for 17 long days. In the period between 27 November and 13 December 1950, 30,000 United Nations troops (also known as “The Chosin Few”) under the field command of Major General Oliver P. Smith were encircled and attacked by approximately 120,000 Chinese troops under the command of Song Shi-Lun. However, the UN forces were able to make a fighting withdrawal and broke out of the encirclement while inflicting crippling losses on the Chinese. The evacuation of the X Corps from the port of Hungnam marked the complete withdrawal of UN troops from North Korea.
Historically, it was considered as a Chinese pyrrhic victory. because (1) the Chinese forces failed to encircle the US forces at Chosin Reservoir, (2) US withdrawal and successful Chinese recovery of Northeast Korea, (3) 40% of Chinese combat forces in Korea disabled until March 1951.