Quiz on the Battle of the Coral Sea


Battle of Coral Sea: Summary and Quick Visual Quiz

 

sphere Following the rapid expansion during January-February of 1942, the Japanese Command understood the necessity to strengthen the South Pacific flank of the Rising Empire of Japan. While some authors have the opinion that it was a defensive operation, others think that it was a preliminary step to secure the optimal positions to launch a large-scale attack on Australia. I personally do not think that the Japanese Imperial Army and the Navy Forces were enough prepared to launch such invasion, mainly because of lack the appropriate logistic support and an adequate transport fleet.

sphere The so-called Operation MO had, as first target, the invasion of Port Moresby in New Guinea and Tulagi in the southeastern Solomon Islands. In order to achieve this ambitious objectives, the Japanese Imperial HQ allowed the participation of major units of the Japanese Combined Fleet. These forces included two fleet carriers (the IJN Zuikaku and Shokaku), which have together with the Soryu, Hiryu, Akagi and Kaga the best naval air pilots and leaders. In addition, the task forces involved included a light carrier to provide air cover for the invasion fleets, under the overall command of Japanese Admiral Shigeyoshi Inoue. As in many other episodes during the WWII for the Axis ( and luckily for the Allies), the US intelligence learned about the Japanese main direction and plans.

sphere In a fast amphibious operations, on 3–4 May, Japanese forces successfully invaded and occupied Tulagi. However, because the American forces were waiting the invasion, several of their supporting warships were surprised and sunk or damaged by aircraft from the US fleet carrier Yorktown.

sphere This attack was crucial in the following development of the battle because now the Japanese were aware of the presence of US carriers in the area. Quickly, the task force of the Zuikaku and Shokaku carriers changed the direction and sailed towards the Coral Sea to face the main American strike force. It took three days.

sphere On 7 May, the carrier forces from the two sides exchanged airstrikes over two consecutive days. The first day, the US sank the Japanese light carrier Shōhō. As often experienced by the wargamers and players of the War in the Pacific: Admiral Edition, it is difficult to detect enemy forces and in particular, it is extremely complicated successfully to report on the category of the forces. Some carriers can be confused as oil tankers or even cruisers. In this real case, the main Japanese counterattack sank a US destroyer and heavily damaged a fleet oiler (which was later scuttled).

sphere The next movement came on the following day. A new air attack from the US Navy hit the Japanese fleet carrier Shōkaku which was heavily damaged. Almost simultaneously, the US fleet carrier Lexington was critically damaged (and was scuttled as a result), and the Yorktown was damaged.

sphere In this battle, both fleets suffered serious damaged not only in terms on ships but also in number of planes. The two fleets disengaged and retired from the battle area. With the Japanese carriers damaged and unable to provide air cover Inoue recalled the Port Moresby invasion fleet, intending to try again later.

 

Who won the Battle of the Coral Sea?

 

sphere The Japanese had sunk in battle a powerful fleet carrier of the US Navy (Lexington). The Japanese also lost the small Shoho. However, the Shokaku had been serious damaged and needed repairs, and the Zuikaku air group had suffered serious losses.

sphere The South Pacific flank remained vulnerable to Japan because they failed to occupy Port Moresby. This was used by the US Forces to launch the Guadalcanal Campaign.

sphere The Zuikaku and Shokaku could not join the main carrier force in Midway Battle.

sphere US Navy was stronger and more well-trained in naval aircraft combat than expected.

sphere Tactical Japanese Victory and Strategic American Victory?

 

▽ Imperial Japanese Navy – Nihon Kaigun

 

organization of the imperial japanese navy

Nihon Kaigun organization
The structure and history of the
Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

aircraft carriers of the imperial japanese navy

Aircraft Carriers
The battle and light aircraft carriers
of the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

battleships of the Imperial Japanese Navy

Battleships
The Battleships and Battlecruisers of
the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

heavy cruisers of the imperial japanese navy

Heavy Cruisers
The heavy cruisers of the
Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

light cruisers of the imperial japanese navy

Light Cruisers
The light cruisers
of the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

destroyers of the imperial japanese navy

Destroyers
The destroyers squadrons of the
Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

submarines of the imperial japanese navy

Submarines
The submarines fleet
of the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

auxiliary ships of the imperial japanese navy

Auxiliary Ships
The training, hospital, and other
auxiliary ships in the IJN

 

 

timeline of the japanese imperial navy warships

The TimeLine of ships
The design and operations
timeline records of the IJN warships

 

 

japanese land-based air groups

Naval Air Groups
The Land-Based Japanese
Navy Air-Groups

 

 

Japanese navy landing forces

Naval Landing Forces 1928-1945
Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF),
Landing Forces (SNLF) 海軍特別陸戦隊

 

 

japanese secret weapons and technologies

Secret Weapons of the IJN
The secret weapons and teachnologies
of the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

strategic plans and doctrines of the IJN

Strategic Plans of the IJN
The strategic doctrines and
plans of the IJN

▽ Simulations & Wargames

▽ World War II: Pacific Theater

 

war in the pacific: admiral edition computer game

War in the Pacific: Admiral Edition
A computer-based simulation of
the entire Pacific War with incredible detail.

 

 

Empire of the sun_2nd edition boardgame wargame

The Empire of the Sun (2nd Ed.)
An strategy boardgame for the
Pacific War with solitaire playability.

 

 

pacific war boardgame

Pacific War
A fantastic monster game for the
Pacific War with many scenarios.

 

 

pacific war 2nd edition boardgame

Pacific War (2nd Ed.)
The 2nd Edition of the masterpiece
Pacific War game is coming soon!

▽Japan’s Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF)

 

organization of the JMSDF

The organization of the JMSDF
The units and structure of
the Modern Japanese Navy (JMSDF)

 

 

districts of the jmsdf

The Regional District Forces
The locations and bases of the
five regional districts of the JMSDF

 

 

DDH helicopter destroyers of the jmsdf

Helicopter Destroyers DDH
The modern helicopter destroyers
of the Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

DDG Guided missile destroyer of the JMSDF

Guided Missile destroyers DDG
The advanced guided missile destroyers
of the Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

DD destroyers of the JMSDF

Destroyers DD
The destroyers of the
Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

Landing Tank ships of the jmsdf

Tank Landing Ships LST
The tank lading ships of the
Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

submarines of the jmsdf

Submarines SS
The submarine fleet of the
Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

auxiliary ships of the jmsdf

Support and Auxiliary ships
Patrol and other support ships of the
Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

aviation and helicopter units of the jmsdf

The aviation of the JMSDF
Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force aircrafts
and helicopter fleet

 

 

naval landing forces of the jmsdf

Naval landing forces of the JMSDF
The naval forces for landings
of the JMSDF

 

 

new weapons of the jmsdf

Future projects of the JMSDF
New coming units and future
developments of the JMSDF

 

 

strategy of the jmsdf

The strategy of the JMSDF
The current doctrine and
strategy of the JMSDF

 

 

strategy of the jmsdf

News & manoeuvres
News and military
exercises of the JMSDF

▽ Simulations & Wargames

▽ World War II: European Theater

 

unconditional surrender

Unconditional Surrender
A boardgame with innovative mechanics
for the entire World War II in European Front.

 

 

supreme commander

The Supreme commander
A strategic game at corps/army level
for the World war II in Europe.

 

 

 


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Shares