Shokaku Japanese Aircraft Carrier


Shokaku Aircraft Carrier

 

Japanese aircraft carrier shokaku 1941  Shōkaku at Yokosuka, 8 August 1941, shortly after she was completed

A view of the Japanese aircraft carrier shokaku 1941 Shokaku at Yokosuka, 8 August 1941, shortly after she was completed

 

 Shokaku aircraft carrier design

 

sphere The Japanese Shokaku Aircraft Carrier, which is Japanese language is written as 翔鶴 and literally means “Soaring Crane”) was one of the most important warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy. The Shokaku-class had one more unit, called Zuikaku, and together play a crucial role in the main battle across the pacific as part of the Japanese aircraft carrier task forces. The shape of the Shokaku resembled that of the Hiryu, and could be considered as an improved or enlarged version of it. The forecastle had also been constructed to the level of the upper hangar deck. The heavily flared bow had been designed with the smart purpose to keep the flight deck dry even in bad sea conditions.

 

sphere However, in spite of similar shapes, the Shokaku’s displacement was 10,000 tons heavier than the Soryu-class aircraft carriers. It has additional armor which made them heavier. A comparison with British carrier indicated that while the British ones had the aviation fuel stored in separate cylinders protected completely by seawater, all constructed pre-war aircraft carriers by the Imperial Japanese Navy had their aviation fuel tanks constructed as a part integral of the ship’s hull.
This small detail had dramatic consequences when the carriers were hit by bombs. This problem was not only a vulnerability of the Shokaku-class, all the aircraft carriers shown the same problem. There were not data or experiences about how strongly the shocks and stresses originated by the near-misses were propagated to the carrier’s hull. Then, the energy would be transferred forward towards the fuel tanks. The lessons learnt in Midway could improve the design of the Shokaku-class to some extent. The spaces around the aviation fuel tanks were filled with concrete in order to increase the protection for them. The spread of volatile fumes spreading to the hangar decks when damage occurred was not solved though.

Shokaku aircraft carrier air groups

 

sphere The Japanese aircraft carriers Shokaku and Zuikaku belonged to the Japanese 5th Carrier Division. Typically, the air squadrons embarked in 1941 consisted of 15 Mitsubishi A6M2 “Zero”, 27 Aichi D3A1 “Val” dive bombers, and 27 Nakajima B5N1 “Kate” torpedo bombers.Both the Shōkaku and Zuikaku joined the Kido Butai are together participated in many naval battles and operations when the war started, including Pearl Harbor, the attack on Rabaul in January 1942 and the Indian Ocean raid of March 1942, in which Shokaku plans attacked Colombo sinking several vessels.

sphere In the battle of the Coral Sea, the Fifth carrier division had to use its maximum strength to achieve a tactical victory against the US Navy. Although the USS Lexington was sunk, the Shokaku was also hit by three bombs. More important, she lost most of he planes and had to spend long time in Japan for repairs. These delays prevented her to join Midway operation.

sphere In a row of battles with the sister carrier Zuikaku and the light carrier Zuiho, the Shokaku carrier could damaged the USS Enterprise and literally crippled the USS Hornet during the battle of the Eastern Solomons and Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, respectively. She was also damaged, however, which forced her to be under repairs again. She was back under the command of Matsubara Hiroshi in May 1943.

sphere However, the destiny was waiting to Shokaku in a different place. We are now in 1944 and the Japanese aircraft carrier Shōkaku is deployed to the Lingga Islands south of Singapore. She joins the Mobile Fleet for Operation “A-Go”, and leaves port on 15 June to attack American forces. In spite of intense AA fire some aircraft returned safely to the carrier. One of her D4Y Suisei could allegedly strike home with a bomb that damaged USS South Dakota (BB-57). Unfortunately, when the ship was refueling and reaming airplanes, three (possibly four) torpedoes from the submarine USS Cavalla (Commander Herman J. Kossler) hit her deadly. The fires could not be controlled and later an aerial bomb also exploded. It was the moment to order “Abandon Ship” but there was no time to evacuate the ship and quickly sunk bow-first at position 11°40′N 137°40′E. The light cruiser Yahagi could rescue Captain Matsubara and 570 out of a crew of 1,272 men.

Shokaku Aircraft carrier technical specifications:

Class and type: Shōkaku-class aircraft carrier
Displacement:
  • 25,675 long tons (26,087 t) (standard)
  • 32,105 long tons (32,620 t) (full load)
Length: 257.5 m (844 ft 10 in)
Beam: 26 m (85 ft 4 in)
Draft: 8.8 m (28 ft 10 in)
Installed power: 160,000 shp (120,000 kW)
Propulsion:
  • 4 × Kampon geared steam turbines
  • 8 × boilers
  • 4 × shafts
Speed: 34.2 kn (63.3 km/h; 39.4 mph)
Range: 9,700 nmi (18,000 km; 11,200 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Complement: 1,660
Armament:
  • December 1941:
  • 16 × 127 mm (5 in) Type 89 dual purpose guns
  • 36 × 25 mm (1 in) Type 96 anti-aircraft guns
Aircraft carried:
  • 72 (+12 spares)
  • 7 December 1941:
  • 18 × Mitsubishi A6M2 “Zero”s
  • 27 × Aichi D3A1 “Val”s
  • 27 × Nakajima B5N1/2 “Kate”s

 

sphere The Fifth Carrier division: Shokaku and Zuikaku.

 Shokaku aircraft carrier Images


▽ Imperial Japanese Navy – Nihon Kaigun

 

organization of the imperial japanese navy

Nihon Kaigun organization
The structure and history of the
Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

aircraft carriers of the imperial japanese navy

Aircraft Carriers
The battle and light aircraft carriers
of the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

battleships of the Imperial Japanese Navy

Battleships
The Battleships and Battlecruisers of
the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

heavy cruisers of the imperial japanese navy

Heavy Cruisers
The heavy cruisers of the
Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

light cruisers of the imperial japanese navy

Light Cruisers
The light cruisers
of the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

destroyers of the imperial japanese navy

Destroyers
The destroyers squadrons of the
Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

submarines of the imperial japanese navy

Submarines
The submarines fleet
of the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

auxiliary ships of the imperial japanese navy

Auxiliary Ships
The training, hospital, and other
auxiliary ships in the IJN

 

 

timeline of the japanese imperial navy warships

The TimeLine of ships
The design and operations
timeline records of the IJN warships

 

 

japanese land-based air groups

Naval Air Groups
The Land-Based Japanese
Navy Air-Groups

 

 

Japanese navy landing forces

Naval Landing Forces 1928-1945
Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF),
Landing Forces (SNLF) 海軍特別陸戦隊

 

 

japanese secret weapons and technologies

Secret Weapons of the IJN
The secret weapons and teachnologies
of the Imperial Japanese Navy

 

 

strategic plans and doctrines of the IJN

Strategic Plans of the IJN
The strategic doctrines and
plans of the IJN

▽ Simulations & Wargames

▽ World War II: Pacific Theater

 

war in the pacific: admiral edition computer game

War in the Pacific: Admiral Edition
A computer-based simulation of
the entire Pacific War with incredible detail.

 

 

Empire of the sun_2nd edition boardgame wargame

The Empire of the Sun (2nd Ed.)
An strategy boardgame for the
Pacific War with solitaire playability.

 

 

pacific war boardgame

Pacific War
A fantastic monster game for the
Pacific War with many scenarios.

 

 

pacific war 2nd edition boardgame

Pacific War (2nd Ed.)
The 2nd Edition of the masterpiece
Pacific War game is coming soon!

▽Japan’s Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF)

 

organization of the JMSDF

The organization of the JMSDF
The units and structure of
the Modern Japanese Navy (JMSDF)

 

 

districts of the jmsdf

The Regional District Forces
The locations and bases of the
five regional districts of the JMSDF

 

 

DDH helicopter destroyers of the jmsdf

Helicopter Destroyers DDH
The modern helicopter destroyers
of the Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

DDG Guided missile destroyer of the JMSDF

Guided Missile destroyers DDG
The advanced guided missile destroyers
of the Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

DD destroyers of the JMSDF

Destroyers DD
The destroyers of the
Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

Landing Tank ships of the jmsdf

Tank Landing Ships LST
The tank lading ships of the
Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

submarines of the jmsdf

Submarines SS
The submarine fleet of the
Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

auxiliary ships of the jmsdf

Support and Auxiliary ships
Patrol and other support ships of the
Japan’s Maritime Self-Defence Force

 

 

aviation and helicopter units of the jmsdf

The aviation of the JMSDF
Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force aircrafts
and helicopter fleet

 

 

naval landing forces of the jmsdf

Naval landing forces of the JMSDF
The naval forces for landings
of the JMSDF

 

 

new weapons of the jmsdf

Future projects of the JMSDF
New coming units and future
developments of the JMSDF

 

 

strategy of the jmsdf

The strategy of the JMSDF
The current doctrine and
strategy of the JMSDF

 

 

strategy of the jmsdf

News & manoeuvres
News and military
exercises of the JMSDF

▽ Simulations & Wargames

▽ World War II: European Theater

 

unconditional surrender

Unconditional Surrender
A boardgame with innovative mechanics
for the entire World War II in European Front.

 

 

supreme commander

The Supreme commander
A strategic game at corps/army level
for the World war II in Europe.

 

 

 


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Shares